Scope for Chemical products and their production industries

Saints and Intellectuals around the world in ancient times produced chemical products by experimenting various combinations of raw materials available from living and nonliving things. They invented medicines a chemical compounds that humans could be saved from deadly diseases. By the invention of gunpowder, we can see how the fate of the world changed; fertilizers, acids and much more have played their role in changing the lifestyle of humans. For every chemical product that we have now has a history of its own, new products are still introduced into the market to fulfil the human needs.

In the modern world, the manufacturing and production industries branched out to generate useful consumable and commercial chemical substances. Designing the innovative and Eco-friendly processes for a chemical product production in large scale is the primary task to establish a chemical industry. New courses came into college and universities like process engineering, process systems engineering, a chemical engineer, and chemical product designing for these purposes.

Basic chemical production industries:

  • Personal care
  • Agrochemical
  • Coatings
  • Solvents
  • Industrial and institutional
  • Biochemical
  • Drugs
  • Food (nutraceuticals)
  • Household
  • Pharmaceuticals.

The demand for chemical products has increased enormously that does not cause pollution and be environmentally friendly. With the help of computer-aided applications in product and process designing, the new products manufacturing from cheap raw materials improved to solve the environmental and social issues. Stability and thermodynamic modelling helped to develop speciality chemicals and microstructured materials for new drugs. Most chemical processes industries have set up their own R&D departments to continuously do research on their chemical products and manufacturing process.

The physical state of most of all chemical products exists in the form of powders, aerosols, liquid-liquid emulsions, sprays, suspensions, liquid dispersions, and solid pastes.

Various types of chemicals produced by the present chemical industries:

  • Fine chemicals
  • Plastic manufacturing chemicals
  • Agricultural
  • Cleaning
  • Fluxing
  • Cosmetics
  • Aliphatic
  • Analytical & reagent
  • Food processing
  • Radioactive
  • Alkaloidal
  • Concrete
  • Inorganic
  • Refrigeration
  • Analytical
  • Construction
  • Laboratory
  • Rust removing & preventing
  • Ceramic
  • Coating
  • Printing
  • Laundry
  • Sewage treatment
  • Anodizing
  • Dehydrating
  • Leather
  • Speciality
  • Aroma
  • Disinfecting
  • Metal cleaning
  • Textile
  • Aromatic
  • Dry cleaning
  • Mining
  • Waste treatment
  • Automotive
  • Electronic
  • Odour control
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Battery
  • Electroplating
  • Organic
  • Water softening
  • Boiler water treatment
  • Environmental
  • Petroleum
  • Water treatment
  • Brewers
  • Ethoxy
  • Petroleum treating
  • Wood finishing
  • Brickmakers
  • Explosives & pyrotechnic
  • Adhesive
  • Pharmaceutical
  • X-ray processing
  • Fabric
  • Photographic

Modern chemicals like nanofluids and gas expanded liquids are outcoming compounds that change the entire operation structure of process industry. For instance, Liquid carbon dioxide gas-expanded liquids reduce the cost of chemical wastage. The CO2 expanded solvents considerable show best conversion of liquid chemical reaction systems.  Ideally, in liquid phase reaction, to achieve better yield and production rate solvent is used in excess to completely convert the solute in reaction. Using the excess solvent reactant assure the better reaction with each pass. However the recovery and recycle of the unreacted solvent reactant becomes cost-effective. To solve this problem gas expanded solvents technique is best options.